A 71 year-old female patient complained of an abdominal incisional hernia, complicated by enterocutaneous fistula, four-months following laparostomy. Contrast enhanced computed tomography showed an incisional hernia defect of 15.5×20cm, with a subcutaneous abscess and an intestinal loop adherent to the anterior abdominal wall, with a concomitant enterocutaneous fistula. Surgery involved abdominal wall standardized technique closure, with in addition platelet-rich plasma and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells implanted on a biological mesh. Two years follow up showed no recurrences of incisional hernia. DISCUSSION: Coating surgical meshes with patient’s own cells may improve biocompatibility, by reducing inflammation and adhesion formation. Moreover, platelet-rich plasma is a good source of growth factors for wound healing, as well as a good medium for bone marrow multinucleate cells introduction into fascial repair.